Do you know the difference between the Thymus and Thyroid?
The main difference between the thymus and thyroid is that thymus is mainly involved in the development and differentiation of T cells whereas the thyroid is mainly involved in the secretion of thyroxine and triiodothyronine, which governs the metabolism.
Also, the thymus produces humoral factors that induce proliferation and differentiation of T-cells, which are responsible for cell-mediated immunity.
Difference Between Thymus And Thyroid
Continue reading this full article and find out more about the differences and facts about Thymus and Thyroid.
What is Thymus?
The word ”thymus” comes from the Greek word ”thymos” which means ”soul,” ”heart,” ”life,” and ”desire.”
It is also known as the specialized organ of the adaptive immune system, which is composed of two identical lobes and situated anatomically in the anterior superior mediastinum, in front of the heart.
The thymus is responsible for providing an inductive environment for the development of T-lymphocytes. The thymus is situated between the lungs, pericardium of the heart, in front of the aorta, behind the breastbone, and below the thyroid. I found a solution for this, The program helps you to monitor your bone health and be armed with more information.
This Thymus gland is divided into 2 lobes that lie on either side of the midline of the body, and into lobules. And it has 3 main layers, they are:
- Thin covering over the outside of this gland;
- The cortex layer which surrounds the medulla;
- The medulla, that is the inside part of this gland.
What is Thyroid?
The thyroid is defined as the large ductless gland present in the neck of the vertebrates and gives out different hormones that help with the development and growth of the rate of our metabolism.
It is a butterfly-shaped gland located just below in the front of the neck, also it is known as the projection that forms Adam’s apple in humans.
This gland produces the calcitonin hormone, which serves in calcium homeostasis in the body. And historically thyroid gland consists of thyroid follicles, which are made up of follicular cells, and parafollicular cells.
The thyroid’s hormones regulate important body functions, including:
- cholesterol levels.
- body temperature.
- heart rate.
- menstrual cycles.
- muscle strength.
- body weight.
- peripheral and central nervous systems.
Thymus VS Thyroid
- The thymus is known as an organ or gland of the lymphatic system, whereas the thyroid is a gland of the endocrine system.
- The thymus is located anatomically in the anterior superior mediastinum, in front of the heart, and the thyroid is located in the neck, below the thyroid cartilage.
- The thymus is defined as an organ present in the lymphoid that has its exact location in the neck of the vertebrates. And Thyroid defined as a large ductless gland present in the neck of the vertebrates and gives out different hormones.
- According to the studies, as the body grows the size of the thymus becomes much less than the size it originally exists and gets minimal when they reach puberty. On the other hand, the size of the thyroid keeps on increasing with age and reaches a maximum during adolescence.
- The thymus produces t-cells and does not deal with any other secretions, and the thyroid produces two main hormones called thyroxine and triiodothyronine.
- The thyroid helps with the metabolism and proteins that become responsive to the body. And at the same time thymus provides a proper environment for the maturation of the lymphocytes.
- The primary task of the thyroid is to care for the metabolism process and make it happen regularly. And the key task of the thymus is to assist with the immune response.
The thymus and thyroid are two endocrine glands in the animal body. Hope you liked the above article and find useful.
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